What is Feline Diabetes Mellitus?
Feline Diabetes mellitus can also be known as "sugar" diabetes- is a common diseases that the feline’s body either does not produce or use insulin. Feline Diabetes Mellitus occurs in 1 cat out of 400 and the majority of the time it is a male cat. Normally, the fats and proteins that cats eat are broken into small components and the cat’s body uses these in the cells. One of the components in the cat is called glucose and it gives the cat’s body energy. This insulin is created by his pancreas and its primary function is to regulate the glucose that is in the cat’s blood stream into the cells.
If there is a problem with the regulation of insulin and becomes deficient then the feline's body looks to other sources of energy like fat and protein and has to convert those into energy. Because of the breakdown of glucose in the diabetic cat the he starts to lose weight more and more and the starts to get higher levels of sugar in his bloodstream. When the diabetic cat has these high levels of glucose in his blood then the only way out for the sugar would be through the cat’s urine, which is why your diabetic kitty makes way more trips to the litter box then he use to and also is now drinking water way more then he use to.
Diabetes mellitus has two different types in cats that include insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and the non-Insulin Dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).
Like I previously said, diabetes mellitus tends to happen to older, male cats, where the majority of the diabetes mellitus felines tend to be obese. There is no definitive cause of diabetes mellitus in cats although there are factors to take into consideration like obesity, other hormonal disease, pancreatic, and even different kinds of medications have been known to cause diabetes mellitus.
How is diabetes diagnosed?
Feline Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed by a physical examination which includes common signs that the veterinarian keeps an eye out for. Diabetes mellitus is also diagnosed through different laboratory tests like urine test that test for higher levels of sugar in your cat’s urine and blood. If the veterinarian finds that your cat has diabetes mellitus then your kitty will be immediately treated and given insulin, oral medications, among other things. Your veterinarian will even put your cat on a special diet rich with high amounts of protein and very low amounts of carbohydrates, this diet is often referred to as the Catkins diet. The Catkins diet is the diet of a carnivore which is what your cat is. Felines normally eat only one meal a day and drink very little. These meals are consisted of birds and mice, or smaller creatures.
If your cat’s diabetes mellitus is not treated right away, then there could be fatal consequences. A process known as Ketoacidosis could occur, which could be very dangerous for your cat.
Common signs of ketoacidosis in your cat are vomiting, diarrhoea, lethargy, no appetite, extreme weakness, breathing problems, and dehydration. Diabetes could also cause your cat to have severe skin issues, bacterial infections and liver disease. All of these issues could also lead to another diabetic disorder in cats called diabetic neuropathy which really starts to weaken your cat. A common place to see diabetic neuropathy happen is in your cat’s hind legs where they walk with their hocks on the ground. If you find that your cats is exhibiting any of these signs then immediately take him to your veterinarian so they can do what is necessary to save your cat’s life.
When you get your diabetic cat at home you will need to change everything. You will need to inject insulin into your cat, most likely twice a day. You will need to change your diabetic cat’s diet to the Catkins Diet and you might have to give your cat oral hypoglycaemic medications. Your veterinarian will show you how to properly give your diabetic cat these medications and also refer to our site catkinsdiet.com.
There are different types of insulin, dosage, and your veterinarian may need to run additional tests on your diabetic feline. But after the initial fright that you had with your diabetic kitty, things will begin to calm down, and become routine. It is also known that if you follow what is in the catkins diet, and all of the proper insulin shots, then there is a great chance that your cat will go into remission. But, if your cat seems to not have diabetes any longer, always continue to monitor your cat’s blood glucose levels to make sure that your cat is normal.
Sometimes your veterinarian will recommend a high fiber high carbohydrate diet to your diabetic cat and if that is the recommendation then it is this web sites advice to not take it and go to another veterinarian who is up to date with the latest diet information. It used to be recommended that diabetic cats should be on high fiber diets where it would control blood sugar levels, but new research indicates that when a cat is on a low carbohydrate diet, catkins diet, that they have higher levels of remission and live longer. This is also based upon experience.
Again, the purpose of this site is to help you put your diabetic cat on the catkins diet. From experience we found that all of the cats that were placed on the catkins diet did very well, and went into remission. Occasionally we had to add insulin injections, but found that the diabetic cat could be maintained on this strict diet.
Always continue to monitor your cat for any signs of diabetes, hypoglycaemia, and anything out of the normal for your feline.
Make sure to always talk to your Vet before doing or changing anything with your cat and if you have any questions. If you bring your diabetic cat off of insulin to fast or even on it to quickly then your cat could have dangerous health issues.